Community Based Resource Management
Helping Communities help themselves
The CBRM Section’s main task is to increase the knowledge and awareness of resource users as well as owners on the importance of sustainable management and utilisation of their coastal fishery resources for food security and livelihoods, through:
- Development and dissemination of awareness materials to interested communities and organisations
- Building the capacity of LMMA mangers and communities on Community Fishery Management issues based on their EOIs
- Provide input to policies and legislations, giving community perspectives (e.g. inshore fisheries regulations)
- Provision of technical advice for communities and partners wanting to develop their Community Fishery Management Plans in accordance to Section 18 of the FMA, 2015
- Partnership (as network node) with relevant government agencies (national & provincial), NGOs (International and local) and communities that have interest in doing CBRM.
To address the above, it’s Standard Operating Procedures (CBRM SOP) and Strategy (SI – National CBRM Strategy) guide the Section.
Communities have the customary rights to their resources and therefore are key implementers and actors in the management of their fisheries and marine resources.
The CBRM Section and its partners are providers of technical advice only
CBRM main activities are: Awareness. Development of Community Fisheries Management Plans, Trainings and Monitoring.
Awareness for communities
Healthy marine resources contribute to community benefits, wellbeing and continuity of cultural practices and values. Healthy marine resources improve the livelihoods of coastal communities and build their adaptive capacity.
Development of Community Fisheries Management Plans
The most important aspect of Community Fisheries Management is the participation of customary rights holders. Without their consent, community fisheries management initiatives will fail.
The most basic plan is a verbal one such as the traditional tabu. However, a basic written management plan can have the following
- Goals and objectives
- A management Committee
- Management Rules
Under the Fisheries Management Act 2015, if your community is ready to register your marine managed area, the management committee must ensure the following requirements under the Act are included or checked before submission to the Director of Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources (MFMR) and the Provincial Executive. Developing your community Fisheries Management Plan under the Act will require technical support from MFMR or partner organizations.
- Goals/objectives of management
- Description of fishery
- Management measures
- Monitoring, reporting, assessment and revisions
- Enforcement powers and authorities
- Commitment by the relevant community, customary owners of fisheries resources an fishing rights and other relevant stakeholders
Communities have to incorporate new management tools together with the basic traditional tabu method of fisheries management in the face of modern development and environmental challenges. The CBRM staff are trained to train practitioners and facilitators of CBRM by incorporating Ecosystem Based Management, Integrated Coastal Zone Management, Management Effectiveness and Adaptive Management into CBRM. Every training component is a building block of CBRM.
CBRM monitoring activities include:
- Tracking of dissemination of course materials from CBRM section-materials which are directly disseminated from MFMR and also those disseminated by partners. This is to ensure that communities not receiving materials are prioritized.
- Evaluation of community knowledge of disseminated materials through follow up visits. This will ensure production of accurate but user friendly materials and materials which are relevant to communities according to their knowledge of needs
- Reef monitoring of LMMAs - for baseline survey as well as periodic monitoring of LMMAs
PARTNERS OF CBRM